Skin Concepts
407 North San Mateo Drive, San Mateo, Ca. 94401, 650-400-7823,        108 Andrieux Street, Suite 105, Sonoma, Ca. 95476, 707-343-1123



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causes of discoloration

Age doesn’t have to come with spots

Discoloration, often referred to as hyperpigmentation, is uneven dark spots or patches (not freckles) on your skin. These skin discolorations can be caused by acne breakouts, hormonal shifts, birth control or sun exposure. The chain of events that causes pigment starts below the surface of the skin and can take years to appear on the surface of the skin. Once signs of unwanted pigment appear, they are often difficult to remedy. Be patient – depending on the cause of the discoloration, which sometimes takes years to form, it can be weeks or months before it starts to clear up with treatment.

Hyperpigmentation is caused by a complex chain of reactions that is started when the skin detects potentially harmful inflammation. Our sophisticated skin biology has a built-in defense system that stimulates the production of “packets” of pigment that migrate up into skin cells and act as umbrellas over skin cells, which hold our all-important DNA. These umbrellas of pigment protect our DNA from damage.

This pigmentation process is why the skin tans. As a response to sun exposure that causes inflammation in the skin, our cells release dark, protective pigment that shows up as a tan. This response is our skin protecting itself from DNA damage and skin cancer. Initially tanning is even across all skin, but after more years of exposure the pigment becomes more uneven and blotchy.

The skin cannot differentiate what is causing the inflammation, which is why other causes of inflammation such as breakouts, burns and hormonal changes lead to the same response. This inflammation is why many people’s skin darkens after a burn or a breakout.

Different sources of inflammation can cause hyperpigmentation in different depths in the skin. The deeper the pigment in the skin, the more challenging it is to treat and improve.

PCA SKIN® recommends daily use of broad spectrum SPF of at least 30 with a combination of professional treatments, such as peels and daily care products, to prevent and treat discoloration and hyperpigmentation.

          Meet our newest product in the fight against pigment issues:

                                 New, Bright and Brilliant

                                Ingenious retinol innovation

The ultimate pure retinol nighttime treatment for those with discoloration.

  1. A powerful nightly treatment that creates an even, bright and radiant complexion

  2. Pure retinol, resveratrol and niacinamide promote a healthy glow while improving discoloration

  3. Potent, stable ingredients in a patented Omnisome delivery system to carry ingredients deeper into the skin for superior results

Specifically formulated for discoloration, this advanced pure nighttime retinol treatment features a delivery system often used in pharmaceuticals, yet entirely new to skincare. The patented Omnisome delivery system stabilizes and carries a unique blend of ingredients deeper into the skin for superior results. This innovative formula reduces signs of discoloration, brightens and smoothes. Visible results have been seen in as little as four weeks.

Intensive brightening treatment with 0.5% pure retinol

regular price $106

Now through October at $20 off only $86.00

easy application steps

In the evening only, apply a pea-sized amount after cleansing. Use twice per week, gradually increasing application frequency to every other night, and then advancing to each evening or as tolerated. Follow with the appropriate moisturizer. Note: It is important to wear a broad spectrum SPF during the day when using this product at night, since retinol is sun sensitizing.

Facials versus Peels.

Ever since I started doing the PCAskin peels I am asked about the difference the peels make in your skin versus the facials.

For the first 20 years of my career the only thing available to us as professional products for use in a facial were granular exfoliation cremes, some ampoules that could be penetrated with galvanic current, a steamer to soften the skin for manual extractions, masques and on a more effective  level, perhaps an Enzyme masque.

All of us in the industry became very excited when Glycolic Acid became available as well as Micro Dermabration. Finally we could do more then just remove a few dead and dry surface cells and stimulate the skin with a massage.

Though Glycolic acid as a single ingredient acid was perhaps a little harsh for most of my clients and micro dermabration left the skin red and in some cases irritated.

But it was much more then just a plain facial and the long term results were much more dramatic.

Today we are indeed lucky that the products available to us are so much more effective. Even in my remaining facial “Guinot Beaute Neuve” treatment we are peeling in a more gentle way. The fruit acids in the Peel’in gel penetrate between the dead surface cells to cut the intercellular links, while Peel’out foam gently removes them. To conclude the treatment, the Clarimasque with pure vitamin C regenerates the elastic fibers and lightens pigmentation marks, leaving the skin radiant.

For those of you who just cannot live without a relaxing massage, this is far more effective then the old facials, but you still cannot get the dramatic long term improvement you will see with the PCAskin* peels.

If your skin is in need of corrective measures, the fastest way to achieve this is with the Chemical peels. If it’s pigmentation changes you have gone through, fine lines or even acne, nothing works as fast as the peels. We can finally get beyond those surface layers and make changes in the deeper layers of your skin, were most of these issues are seated.

The changes I have witnessed in my clients skin is truly remarkable and as the peels are not aggressive, but rather progressive, it will take a little time and a few treatments for lasting results, as well as a maintenance schedule, but you will see immediate improvement as well.

As Dr. Lindner says: “When performed regularly you can get the same results, as you do with lasers”.

I might ad “a lot less expensive and much more pleasant an experience”.

I can truthfully say that those of you who have been coming to me for years, have truly remarkable young looking and healthy skin.

Congratulations and thank you for trusting in me all these years and being open to all the new treatments I introduced.

To conclude, if you truly want fast and lasting results the peels are your best choice and you can always have a relaxing facial on a cruise or at a Spa in the wine country.